Saturday, December 01, 2012

Mechanics & Diesel Engine Technology DPF out of range high engine code

The days a Mechanic can get out his screwdriver and tweek a diesel engine are gone. Yes it's 2012 and times have changed. 2007 was a year I won't forget. Emissions on diesel engines were fully operational and ready to provide us with cleaner air. I totally agree with this mandate but new technology has created a lot of headaches for us old school Mechanics who just want to fix the problem and never have to fix the same problem again.

If an engine farts the wrong way an engine code pops up. The parameters are strung as tight as a piano string so a minimal buildup of soot or carbon within the exhaust system and you're in for a challenge. However if you have the laptop, software and experience it gets easier. That's the good news....the unfortunate part is you'll need deep pockets to keep your engine fine tuned and code free.

We just had our first run with one of our 2007 Mercedes MBE diesel engines that just ran out of warranty. All this new terminology I'm going to tell you about is focused around  the muffler. The code was "DPF out of range high". This means the temperature or pressure at the sensors were not in their acceptable ranges. They are located right at the DPF "diesel particulate filter" (muffler) and tell the computer that there is a blockage starting to accumulate in the dpf cartridge/filter.

The on-board computer monitors this system and carries out automatic regenerations as it sees fit. A regen heats up the exhaust system to high temperatures and cooks the particulates out of the exhaust system without contaminating the environment. This works great and will give you trouble free driving for quite a while, however over time the regeneration process needs to be forced using your laptop software with the Mercedes MBE 900 diesels.

This is easy to do and can be done every second oil change or when required according to how hard the engine is worked. The longer it runs at operating temperature the better, because of the constant heat there will be less build up of particulates.

So getting back to our problem we checked the software for the last time the cartridge was serviced and it had been done once. It was not replaced but cleaned out 2 years earlier. By the way when you service the cartridge you must enter the details into the engine software records. So we replaced the cartridge which can easily be done on the bus by removing 2 clamps. It comes with gaskets as well.

Once the codes were deleted and the bus was road tested it came back clean and we were elated that everything worked out OK. So now we know what to do with that particular code, check the wiring, make sure you're getting a 0-5 Volt signal to the sensors and service or replace the DPF the cartridge. Recommended cleaning or replacement  is 150,000 km. for this particular Mercedes diesel engine. If you've had some experience with this please leave a comment :)


david mulvey said...

I have a 04 international dt466 it runs great then it will load up like it flooding out it will smoke real bad then it will die a couple of times then it will start and run good aggain then it will do it all over again.any suggestions before i start throughing parts at it

Fawad Tariq said...

Maintenance pricing is a percentage of the SRP of the product for which maintenance is being purchased for the first twelve months typically around 20.Maintenance ProgramsMaintenance will always be quoted as a percentage of SRP rather than of netor purchase price. Purchasing twenty-four months of maintenance and support is a better option from a pricing standpoint,if you would like the longer term coverage. Pricing for maintenance terms beyond twenty-four months will be provided upon request.

aburani1 said...

Mohamad Saleh said...
Preventive maintenance for your vehicle will save your money and your time, so keep your vehicle as the manufacturer TBS.